South Vietnam, Land Reform, July 7th, 1959, Michel Nr. SVN 184-187; Four stamps in nominals of 70c, 2D, 3D and 6D were issued in perforation 13. Land reform in South Vietnam refers to reforms proposed by the United States and implemented by South Vietnam. Seeking to undermine the popularity of the communistViệt Minh’s policies of land redistribution to poor peasants, the government of South Vietnam implemented their own land-redistribution policies during the Vietnam War (Wikipedia).
Here is the mint set
and here the postally used set
These stamps were not officially released imperforate, however a small number of imperforate trial proofs have come to market. Here is the set in imperforate pairs.
Enpreuves de Luxe; Name of the printing company “Atelier de Fabrication des Timbres-Poste, Paris” at bottom right.
Color Trials; prior to authorizing the final printing run for stamps the Vietnamese Postal Authority requested a few sheets of color sheets on one particular value of a set in order to decide which final color combination would be best suited for each stamp within the set. The color sheets had the size of a standard sheet but contained alternating color options on the designated nominal value. While these sheets were only intended for internal postal use some of them came to market. Virtually all of these complete sheets were cut apart. So one mostly finds single color proofs or small strips of them. While they are actually very rare one can still obtain them for under $10 a piece (with some exceptions) as not many collectors appear to have an interest in them so far. Here are various color trials for the 0.50D value.
Rare single franking of the 0.70D value on a printed matter mailing (full contents preserved) sent from Saigon to the United States.
Mixed franking of the 80c Development of Agriculture and 70c Land Reform set paying an overall postage of 1.50D on a domestic letter sent by a member of the military from KBC 3318 to Saigon in April of 1962. Red KBC hand cachet illegible. Saigon machine arrival cancel o the reverse. Members of the military only paid 50% of the regular postal tariff.
Mixed franking of the 80C Independence and 70C Agrarian Reform stamp paying the 50% discounted military tariff of 1.50D on a letter in October of 1962 sent by a member of the military (KBC Nr. 4420/2nd, 3rd and 4th Battalion) to a civilian in Bao Loc. Cancelled with the “mute” Quan Buu military cancel.
Mixed franking featuring the Beach of Ha Tien set together with stamps from the Agrarian Reform, Colombo Conference, Buildings and UNESCO sets paying an overall postage of 4D on an international surface letter sent from Saigon to the United States in May of 1963.
Rare multiple franking of the 0.70D value (2) paying an overall postage of 1.40D on an international printed matter mailing sent from Saigon to the United States.
Single franking of the 2D value on a rare letter that was cancelled with a rural cancel from Angiang Province (dateless) and sent from Cau Tau to Phong Dinh. Chau Tau and Long Xuyen transit cancels on the reverse. The letter was mailed in November of 1960.
Detailed scan of the rural cancel
Single franking of the 2D value on a domestic letter sent from Tay Hoa to Hue in October of 1960. Hue arrival cancel on the reverse.
Mixed franking of the 3D Boy Scout stamps (2) together with stamps from the Land Reform and Children’s Day sets for an overall postage of 8.50D sent within Saigon in March of 1960.
Mixed franking of the 2D Agrarian Reform stamps (3) together with the 4D Railroad stamp paying an overall postage of 10D on an international registered air mail letter sent from Saigon to India in August of 1959. Indian arrival cancel on the reverse.
Single franking of the 3D value on a domestic letter sent from Tan Dhau to Kien Phong in August of 1962. Black propaganda hand cachet on front. Saigon machine transit cancel on the reverse.
Single franking of the 3D value on a domestic letter sent within Saigon September of 1962.
Mixed franking of stamps from the Living Standard, Agrarian Reform and 3 Years Republic sets paying an overall postage of 8.50D on an international air mail letter sent from Saigon to the United States in June of 1960.
Single franking of the 6D value on a domestic letter mailed within Saigon in May of 1967.
Single franking of the 6D value on a domestic letter sent to Cholon in April of 1970. The stamp is cancelled with a rare real hexagonal cancel . Rare Phu-Lam hexagonal transit cancels the reverse.
Single franking of the 6D value on a domestic letter sent from Saigon to Nha Trang in March of 1971.
Mixed franking of the 6D Land Reform value (3) together wit stamps from the Election of Ngô Đình Diệm, Family Law and 4 Years Constitution paying an overall postage of 19.50D on an international letter sent from Saigon to the United States in June of 1961.
Mixed franking of the 10D General Mobilization stamps together with the 6D Agrarian Reform and 2D National Unity stamp paying an overall postage of 18D on an official letter sent from Saigon Tran Hung Bao to Switzerland in April of 1970.
Mixed franking of the 6D Indigenous People stamp together with stamps from the Trans-Vietnamese Railway, Air Mail, General Mobilization, Agrarian Reform and Labor organization sets paying an overall postage of 80D on an international air mail letter sent from Hoi An to West Germany in December of 1969.
Registration Nr. 200280