South Vietnam, 1. Anniversary of the Arrival of Evacuees from North Vietnam, October 11th, 1955, Michel Nr. SVN 102-107, Michel Nr. SVN 126; The separation of the country in 1954 into a Northern and Southern part precipitated a refugee wave of people primarily moving from the communist North to the capitalist South. Six stamps in nominals of 70c, 80c, 10P, 20P, 35P and 100P were issued in perforation 13.0.

Here is the mint set

and here the partial postally used set

The inscription at the bottom the 35P stamp “Chien Dich Huhn De” (= Operation Brotherhood) referred to a Philippine based humanitarian operation that sent doctors and nurses to Vietnam in 1954. Right after the division of the country following the Geneva Agreement a propagandas war ensued between the South and North as to which political system was preferable. This was geared towards the elections that had been scheduled for two years after the Agreement which of course both sides hoped to win and which ultimately were never held. The inscription is to be seen as part of this propaganda war as it used the goodwill created by the private organization “Operation Brotherhood” by suggesting that the humanitarian work done by the organization was in fact the work of the South Vietnamese regime. This was politically not acceptable as stamps from the State off Vietnam and the Republic of Vietnam could be used in the North until the end of March in 1955. Apparently protests from the North ensued and on August 6th, 1956 that remaining unsold stamps received an overprint in the shape of a black bar essentially blocking out the inscription. Michel lists this stamp with a separate catalogue number Nr. SVN 126. Here are the two versions of the stamp side by side. The un-overprinted stamp is definitely rarer than the overprinted one, especially in used condition.

Mint block of four of the overprinted stamp.

There are double and triple overprint errors, where the black bar was erroneously applied twice or thrice. Here is a single mint stamp showing a double overprint.

Vertical mint pair from the bottom selvage that shows a double overprint.

Rare triple overprint error on a single mint stamp

As part of the stamp production process the South Vietnamese Postal Administration had the printing works prepare imperforate color proofs. This was done to be able to select the best color combination for the final production of the stamps. Below is an imperforate strip of five color proofs from the top part of the sheet. Very rare.

A very small number of Enpreuve de Luxe imperforate sheetlets, also called “Minister Blocks” were produced on light carton paper as sunken die proofs and handed out or sent to very important people of other countries. These early sheetlets are very rare and seldom come to market. They are not comparable to Enpreuve de Luxe issued later primarily for the benefit of collectors. Here is the sunken die proof of the 70c value signed by the stamp designer as well as the complete imperforate set printed on a light carton paper. Very rare.

Mixed franking of the 70c and 80c value for an overall postage of 1.50D on a rare local letter sent in June of 1956 from Cholon to Saigon.  Saigon machine arrival cancel on the reverse.

Mixed franking of the 70c and 80c value plus the 1.50D Geneva Agreement for an overall postage of 3D on an international letter sent from Saigon to Canada.

Rare single franking of the 10P value on an international air mail letter sent from a hospital to the United States in March of 1956. Washington D.C: machine arrival cancel on front.

Very rare mass franking of the 10P (8) and 20P (5) stamps paying an overall postage of 180P on a large commercial air mail letter sent from Saigon to France in August of 1956.

Rare single franking of the 35P value (overprinted) on a registered international air mail letter sent from Saigon to the United States in June, 1961.

Mixed franking of the 35P Refugee stamp (overprinted) together with the 50c Defense of Country  stamp paying an overall postage of 35.5P on a registered international air mail letter sent fromSaigon to the United States. Boston arrival cancels on the reverse.

Mixed franking of the 35P Refugee stamp (overprinted) together with the 3.30P War Invalid and 35P Brotherhood stamp paying an overall postage of 73.30P on an international air mail letter sent from Saigon to Hong Kong in December of 1974.

Mixed franking of the 35P Refugee stamp (overprinted) together with two 10P War Rural Mail stamps paying an overall postage of 55P on an international air mail letter sent by an American soldier to Hong Kong in December of 1972.

Mixed franking of the 35P Refugee stamps (2) together with the 8D Sport and Youth stamp paying an overall postage of 78P on a large commercial air mail envelope sent from Saigon to West Germany.

Mixed franking of the 35P Refugee stamp (2) together with stamps from the Air Mail and Sports sets paying an overall postage of 101D on a large commercial envelope sent from Saigon to West Germany in December of 1966.

Rare multiple franking of the 35P overprinted Refugee stamp (4) paying an overall postage of 140P on a registered express mail letter sent in November of 1966 from Saigon Switzerland. Bern arrival cancel on the reverse.

Multiple franking of the 35P overprinted Refugee stamp (2) paying an overall postage of 70P on a large commercial air mail envelope sent from Saigon to West Germany in January of 1967.

Very rare registered air mail letter featuring the entire Refuge set and mailed on the First Day Issuance from Saigon to the United States. New York arrival cancel on the reverse. The un-overprinted 35P and the 100P value on postally used cover are very rare.

Registration Nr. 200120

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